The most common prostate cancer screening procedure is a digital rectal exam. This is when the doctor, using a glove inserts one of their fingers into the man's rectum to feel the prostate gland.
Blood may be drawn to check the man's hormone levels.
If any of these tests have abnormal outcomes the doctor will order more in depth testing which may include a biopsy of the prostate gland. This is done surgically by cutting a small piece off of the prostate gland for a sample. This sample is then viewed under a microscope in order to see if there are any cancer cells growing on the sample.