Malaria is a big public health problem in tropical and subtropical
areas of Latin and Central America. In the United States, malaria
cases are reported to be among recent immigrants (both adults
and children), or after retuning from travel to home country.
There is one specific type of female mosquito that, if infected,
is capable of transmitting the plasmodium species that causes
malaria in humans; this mosquito is called Anopheles mosquito.
Malaria can also be transmitted through blood transfusions and
from mother to unborn child.
This disease comes with flu-like
symptoms and at times some people may not show any symptoms.
The symptoms range from mild to severe; malaria can be fatal if
treatment is not given. Malaria is curable and preventable if
people follow the recommended guidelines.