Orta, Garcia de

16th cent.

[Coloquios dos simples e drogas e coisas medicinais da India e de algumas frutas. Latin]

Aromatvm, et simplicivm aliqvot medicamentorvm apvd Indos nascentivm historia.

Primum quidem lustanica lingua per dialogos conscripta, D. Garcia ab Horto, proregis Indiae medico; deinde Latino sermone in epitomen contracta, & iconibus ad viuum expressis, locupletioribuso annotatiunculis illustrata a Carolo Clvsio Atrebate. Qvarta editio, castigatior, & aliquot locis auctior. Antverpiae, Ex Officina C. Plantiniana, apud viduam, & Ioannem Moretum, 1593. "A collective edition continuously signed and paginated, but lacking a general title page and having separate special titles for each individual work of L'Ecluse's translations." --Cleveland coll., 137. References: Cleveland coll. 137. Includes Aromatum & medicamentorum in Orientalis India nascentium, by C. Acosta; Historia medicinal (pts. 1-3) by N. Monardes

This work, containing Clusius' translation of four major works by Orta, Acosta, and Monardes, describes plants of India and South Asia. Orta was a Portuguese physician who had studied medicine in Spain. In 1534 he set sail from Portugal for India, a journey which lasted six months. Once there he became a prominent physician in Goa, the capital of Portuguese India. Orta's work provides information on almost all the major cultivated plants of South Asia. Although he was primarily concerned with plants having medicinal use, he also includes other edible plants unknown in Europe, becoming the first to report on mangoes, mangosteens, and durians. As a result of his research he became an expert on Indian diseases, and his description of Asian cholera symptoms became a standard reference. His early writings were among the first European books to be printed in India.

Subjects: Medicinal plants; Medicine; Botany--India.


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