- In 1998, 1.2 million Hispanic Americans were diagnosed with diabetes.
- Diabetes is two to three times more common in Mexican American and Puerto Rican adults than in non-Hispanic whites.
- There are more risk factors among Hispanics than non-Hispanic whites, which include: a family history of diabetes, gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin resistance.
- About 675,000 Hispanic Americans have diabetes but do not know they have it.
- Diabetes is common among middle-aged and older Hispanic Americans. For those age 50 or older, about 25-30% have either diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes.
- Most Hispanic Americans with diabetes (about 90-95%) have type 2 diabetes.
- One in every four Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans age 45 or older has diabetes. One in every six Cuban Americans in this age group have diabetes.