CHAPTER II - Laser Safety Organization at ASU
2.1 Arizona Radiation Regulatory Agency (ARRA)
Arizona State University (ASU) procures and uses Lasers
and Laser Systems under regulations of ARRA. The regulations
require that ASU personnel use ARRA approved procedures
for the control of all lasers. ARRA also requires that Class
IIIb and IV lasers be registered with that agency.
ASU is subject to inspection by ARRA. If ARRA finds that
ASU is not in compliance with state regulations, they may
issue fines, or in the case of serious infractions, suspend
or revoke laser use.
ARRA Rules and Regulations, and supporting documentation
are on file in the Office of Radiation Safety for review
by ASU personnel.
2.2 Radiation Safety Committee
ASU governs the use of lasers through the Radiation Safety
Committee (RSC). This committee is a group of faculty and
staff appointed by the president of ASU to establish policy
and regulations for the use of radiation sources and to
oversee all aspects of radiation safety. The committee meets
at least quarterly to review the university's radiation
safety program. See Radiation
Safety in Research and Teaching for a list of current
ASU ORS policies.
2.3 Laser Safety Officer
The Radiation Safety
Officer supported by the staff of the Office of Radiation
Safety, functions as the Laser Safety Officer at ASU. Specific
responsibilities of the Laser Safety Officer include the
The LSO will classify, or verify classifications of lasers
and laser systems used at ASU.
2.3.2 Hazard Evaluation
The LSO is responsible for hazard evaluation of laser
2.3.3 Control Measures
The LSO is responsible for assuring that the prescribed
control measures are in effect, recommending or approving
substitute or alternate control measures when the primary
ones are not feasible or practical, and periodically auditing
the status of those control measures in use.
2.3.4 Procedure Approvals
The LSO approves standard operating procedures, alignment
procedures, and other procedures that may be part of the
requirements for administrative and procedural control
2.3.5 Protective Equipment
The LSO recommends or approves protective equipment i.e.,
eye wear, clothing, barriers, screens, etc., as may be
required to assure personnel safety. The LSO assures that
protective equipment is audited periodically to ensure
proper working order.
2.3.6 Signs and Labels
The LSO approves the wording on area signs and equipment
2.3.7 Facility and Equipment
The LSO approves laser installation facilities and laser
equipment prior to use. This also applies to modification
of existing facilities or equipment.
The LSO has the authority to suspend, restrict, or terminate
the operation of a laser or laser system if he/she deems
that laser hazard controls are inadequate. The actions
of the LSO are reviewed by the RSC.
Each Class IIIb or Class IV laser
or laser system at ASU must be registered with the Office
of Radiation Safety, which in turn registers these devices
with ARRA. Each laser or laser system must be registered
to a faculty or staff member of ASU who maintains responsibility
for all aspects of laser safety for the registered equipment.
Specific responsibility of the registrant include:
The registrant must register new equipment with the ORS
within 30 days of receipt and prior to operation of new
2.4.2 Permit Procedures
The registrant must ensure completion of Laser Control
Area Permit is completed for all laser personnel and incidental
personnel before authorized entry. See Appendix D. The registrant must ensure personnel
with access to the Control area get a baseline eye exam,
complete the ORS Laser Safety Training Class, and on site
training by a qualified person. (The registrant must keep
a record of the onside training as well.)
The registrant must submit proposed operating and alignment
procedures and hazard control measures to the LSO for
approval prior to operation of new devices or after modification
of existing laser or laser systems.
The registrant must ensure that laser personnel including
operators of laser equipment and selected incidental personnel
are properly trained with respect to safe operation and
made aware of laser hazards associated with the laser
equipment.See Appendix D.
2.4.4 Eye Exam
The registrant must ensure laser personnel and incidental
personnel obtain a pre assignment laser eye exam. See
Appendix D. Registrants may contact their
academic unit safety representative or the ORS office
for further information.
The ANSI Z136.1, 1993 protocol for the pre assignment
eye examination for laser personnel includes:
- Ocular history for previous eye injuries and illness.
- Visual Acuity test.
- Grid test (Amsler or equivalent)
- Color Vision test.
The ANSI Z136.1 requirement for authorized incidental
personnel is only a baseline visual acuity test.
Laser eye examinations would be required in event of
an actual or suspected laser eye injury. An appropriate
eye examination would be required in the event an individual
transfers out of the laser control area or terminates.
Examinations are not required on a periodic basis. Examinations
are required when personnel transfer to a non laser control
area or terminate from the university.
Further examinations are at the discretion of the physician/or
qualified medical authority.
2.4.5 Setting Up a Vendor Purchase Order and Scheduling
This information will assist the academic units in establishing
a blanket purchase order with the selected vendor. The
phone number for scheduling the exam and the exam location
is (480) 517 0047, Southwestern Eye Clinic at 2311 South
Rural Road, Tempe. The clinic would need to know the department/academic
unit name for billing purposes. Personnel should send
or bring a copy of the exam or other proof to ORS for
ARRA record keeping purposes.