Mission to Arizona, 1916-1940: Father Augustine Schwarz, O.F.M.
Mission to Apachería: Whiteriver
Father Augustine has marked the location of both the Catholic and Lutheran churches and other buildings in his photograph of the government agency at Whiteriver. The Apache wickiup in the foreground usually consists of Yucca strips lashed tightly over a round framework of cottonwood branches; a covering of canvas or hide was always added to the windward side.
Father Schwarz wrote that the Apaches were gathering along the river for the “Devil Dance” in 1923. More commonly known as the Mountain Spirit Dance, a group of four masked dancers impersonate the mountain spirit or gan in order to prevent epidemics, ward off evil, or diagnose and cure illness.