ASU’s Decision Theater ushers in new age of public policy
A new age is dawning on public policy, one based on advanced scientifically informed decision making, with the May 23 opening of the Decision Theater at ASU.
The Decision Theater is an advanced visualization environment that will enable policy makers and others to literally see – in detailed, three-dimensional representation – the consequences of their actions. It will feature a 260-degree “immersive environment” where researchers will be able to view the effects of public policy decisions played out before them.
“The Decision Theater is an exciting new concept that melds science with public policy in a novel way, which we expect will have a huge impact in a number of socially important areas,” says ASU President Michael Crow. “The Decision Theater will provide informed analysis based on scientific evidence to key public policy experts, who then can use that analysis on which to discuss issues and provide a basis for sound policy decisions.”
As a tool designed to aid the public, the Decision Theater will focus on real-world issues relevant to today’s society. Using computer models and computer visualization techniques, the Decision Theater will enable researchers to test the outcomes of decisions made on such topics as urban growth and water usage, and the effects of policy decisions on public health and on a myriad of environmental and social challenges.
“We are connecting science to the community with this new facility,” says Decision Theater Executive Director Rick Shangraw. “The Decision Theater will be an important resource for policy makers by providing interactive forums to identify and assess probable outcomes of real-world decisions, review the potential impacts of varying policy decisions, and provide visualizations of alternative scenarios and scientific analyses produced by complex and integrated computer models.”
The Decision Theater will be used in several targeted research areas, including:
Decision Theater will be a key tool to be used by researchers who are part of the Decision Center for a Desert City, a recently funded $6.9 million National Science Foundation center at ASU. Decision Theater is located in the Brickyard complex in downtown Tempe.
At the core of Decision Theater is the “drum,” a theater area for up to 20 people, a significant advance in three-dimensional immersive environments, which are usually limited in the number of participants. In the Decision Theater, groups of people can experience the simulations in the drum and then use the analysis toward more informed decision making.
The Decision Theater employs seven digital-image projectors to beam stereo images onto seven high-definition screens to achieve the 260-degree image surround. Hardware design and system set up is provided by Fakespace Systems Inc. of Marshalltown, Iowa, a leader in virtual reality and immersive environments.
“ASU will have one of the highest-performing and most state-of-the-art virtual reality systems in existence today,” says Chris Clover, president and chief executive officer of Fakespace Systems Inc. “The ASU system will have the largest number of stereoscopic imaging channels, with advanced high-resolution and high-brightness projectors with more than 10 million pixels (seven channels at 1400x1050 resolution and more than 7,000 lumens of brightness each) to be installed and integrated in the virtual reality field.
“What also makes the ASU system unique is its use of advanced PCI Express video graphics technology from NVIDIA Inc., into a seven-node PC cluster. This will be one of the earliest systems to make use of this technology, especially in a multichannel virtual reality system. Fakespace is proud to be a key partner in deploying this system.”
Anshuman Razdan, director of research and technology at the Decision Theater, says a key capability of the facility is its ability to incorporate and integrate complex multidimensional data from a variety of sources, such as numeric and spatial data, into models and simulations for display in an immersive environment.
“With this data fusion, we can take data from different sources, which oftentimes are gathered and presented in specific and varying ways, and integrate them to provide a complete picture of the scenario we are monitoring or simulating,” Razdan says.
Initial funding for the Decision Theater came from Ira A. Fulton ($3 million) and ASU ($3 million). Shangraw says they are looking into additional individual and corporate sponsors for the facility with the overall goal for it to become self-sufficient in a couple of years.
Decision Theater researchers already have begun one project with the East Valley Water Forum, a regional cooperative of city planning managers in the eastern suburbs of Phoenix. This group is developing data-driven scenarios for ground water policy issues under a variety of drought scenarios. These scenarios will allow decision makers to investigate options and potential impacts of coordinated water management plans. Their work will assist them in reaching informed planning decisions as the eastern portion of Maricopa County continues its explosive growth.
Shangraw says officials at Decision Theater also are in discussions with federal agencies on additional uses.
“This powerful tool will be an important element to any public policy researcher or agency that needs to project the impact of their decisions into the future,” Shangraw says. “The Decision Theater will help those people understand the full extent of their policy decisions and help provide scientifically based informed analysis that has never been available before in this type of forum.”
By Skip Derra. Derra, with Marketing & Strategic Communications,
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