Volume 9, Number 3

May 1999

Inside this issue:

More Native Americans Recieve University Degree

Earningd Increase For All Groups But Gaps Pesist

Public School Lep Enrollments Grew By Eight Percent Between 1995 And 1996 According To States

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This electronic version of Numbers and Needs is published as a service of the Center for Bilingual Education and Research, Arizona State University

Dorothy Waggoner, Ph.D., Editor


From the editor....

Our lead article analyzes the payoffs for education revealed by the March 1998 current population survey. While mean earnings have increased for all groups and workers in all groups are much better educated than twenty years ago, gaps persist and in some cases are increasing. Education does not provide the same return to minority workers compared with whites or to women workers compared with men.

The information from the 1996-97 survey of the states on limited-English-proficient students made available by the National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education includes the criteria and methods states use to identify this population as well as the numbers counted and the numbers enrolled in bilingual, Title I, and other special programs. Like the criteria for exempting LEP students from state achievement assessments reported by the states to the Council of Chief State School Officers and described in the March newsletter, the criteria for identifying LEP students in need of special services vary considerably from state to state and probably within states.

The information from the states reminds us again that there is no substitute for a single source of national and state data on LEP children and adults. There is no substitute for a source using one definition and data collection method and counting all members of the population regardless of enrollment status. Only the decennial census offers the basis for comparable counts. We strongly urge all of you to stress to your colleagues and, especially, to language minority people the importance of being counted in the census. Contact Kimberly Crews at the Census Bureau, (301) 457-3726, for teachers' kits and other materials.

The National Center for Education Statistics' new journal provides quarterly summaries of its studies on education. One of these in the first issue is on American Indians and Alaska Natives in higher education. See article below.

Dorothy Waggoner

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