Archived News Items
PAA is coming up! CePoD will hold its annual practice talks for the Population Association of America annual meetings on April 5 at 11 am in Wrigley Hall L1-04. All are welcome to attend and provide feedback. If you would like to present a poster or paper, please contact Sarah Hayford.
Dr. Eunice Vargas-Valle of the Department of Population Studies at El Colegio de la Frontera Norte in Tijuana will speak on “Youth and Education in the Mexican Northern Border Region: A Decade of Change.” The talk will be Thursday, January 24 at 1:00pm in the Memorial Union, Room 242/La Paz. The talk is part of the Transborder Dialogues series and is cosponsored by CePoD, the School of Transborder Studies, Comparative Border Studies, and the Research Network on Transborder Governance and Development.
The first CePoD colloquium of the semester will be held on Friday, January 18 at 11 am in Wrigley Hall L1-04. Christ Herbst and Joanna Lucio of ASU’s School of Public Affairs will speak on “Residential Segregation and Happiness.”
CePoD affiliates Jennifer Glick and Seline Szkupinski Quiroga organized a community forum in South Phoenix to discuss results from the South Mountain Village Community Study, an NSF-funded project, with local residents. "Results from the South Mountain Village Community Study" (PDF)
René Zenteno, professor of sociology and demography and El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, will be speaking at 11:30 am on Thursday, September 27 on “Mexico’s Policy on Migration: Challenges and Perspectives.” This talk is organized by the School of Transborder Studies and co-sponsored by CePoD. For location information and to RSVP, see sts.asu.edu/events.
CePoD welcomes new director Jennifer Glick! Glick will take over from founding director Victor Agadjanian.
The first CePoD colloquium of the year will be held on Friday, September 14 at 11:00 am in Cowden 213. CePoD’s founding director Victor Agadjanian will be speaking on “Migration, HIV, and Demographic Change in Rural Africa.”
CePoD is holding an organizational meeting for the 2012-13 year on Friday, August 24 at 2:00 in the Social Sciences Building, room 209. All faculty affiliates are invited to attend.
CePoD faculty and students are traveling to Denver to present at the American Sociological Association Annual Meetings. (see list for details)
CePoD faculty and students were active at the Population Association of America Annual Meetings, held May 2-5 in San Francisco (see list for details).
Alesha Durfee receives a grant from the National Science Foundation (project abstract)
On March 30, CePoD affiliate Cecilia Menjivar read from her new book Enduring Violence at Tempe's Changing Hands Bookstore
Sam Hyun Yoo, CePoD graduate student, was selected to participate in the 2012 International Institute for Applied System Analysis (Austria) Young Scientists Summer Program (learn more about the Program)
Jennifer Glick gave a presentation on Arizona's foreign-born population to the Bridging America Taskforce in Phoenix. A pdf version of the presentation, "What do demographic trends mean for Arizona? An overview of Arizona's changing population" is available online.
CePoD celebrated its anniversary on Friday, January 27. Graduate and faculty affiliates from across the university honored CePoD's accomplishments with cake and games.
CePoD affiliate Prof. Wei Li’s analysis of fading Chinatowns in US cities has been featured in several media outlets throughout the world.
CePoD affiliates Victor Agadjanian and Sarah Hayford, and CePoD alumnus Winfred Avogo (Illinois State University), presented research at the Sixth African Population Conference. The conference, sponsored by the Union for African Population Studies, was held in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from December 5-9, 2011.
Associate Director Jennifer Glick gave a talk at “Next Generation and Our Future: Health Disparities among Children of Immigrants,” a symposium for the National Children’s Study held at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD, December 15-16, 2011
Deirdre Pfeiffer (assistant professor, ASU School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning) joins CePoD as an affiliate
According to estimates from the United Nations, the world's population reached 7 billion people on October 31, 2011. Jennifer Glick discussed the implications of this milestone with local CBS news affiliate KPHO.
CePoD affiliates Carlos Castillo-Chavez and Cecilia Menjivar were named Outstanding Doctoral Mentors by ASU's Graduate College.
ASU faculty member Nathan Martin (assistant professor, School of Social Transformation) has joined CePoD as an affiliate.
Congratulations to CePoD graduates Nicholas Bishop, Boaventura Cau, and Arusyak Sevoyan! These CePoD students successfully defended dissertations in 2011.
Cecilia Menjívar receives the 2010 Julian Samora Distinguished Career Award by the American Sociological Association's Section on Latinos/as Sociology
Jennifer Glick has been elected to the Population Association of America Board of Directors
Steven Haas has been appointed Associate Editor of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior
CePoD faculty and students presented research at the 2011 ASA Annual Meetings in Las Vegas. Affiliates on the program included:
CePoD student Rebha Sabharwal was accepted to the competitive Population Reference Bureau Policy Communications Fellows Workshop. Sabharwal attended a week-long seminar in Washington, DC, in August, and will work this year on writing a policy brief based on research from her dissertation. Sabharwal wrote about her experience at the workshop at http://prbblog.org/index.php/2011/08/30/policy-communications-fellows-workshop-reflections/ .
CePoD student Sam Yoo attended a seminar at the East-West Center in Honolulu, Hawaii on methods for analyzing low fertility. The workshop on “Designing Fertility Analyses in the Context of Low Fertility” brought together scholars and policymakers from around the world. Yoo will apply skills learned from this workshop as he prepares a dissertation proposal.
Research by Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow of the Polish Academy of Sciences and CePoD affiliate jimi adams showed that, contrary to popular perceptions, basketball players from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to make it to the NBA than those from more privileged families. These findings were published in the International Review for the Sociology of Sport and picked up by columnist Peter Keating of ESPN The Magazine (http://espn.go.com/espn/story/_/id/6777581/importance-athlete-background-making-nba).
Congratulations to CePoD graduates Nicholas Bishop, Boaventura Cau, and Arusyak Sevoyan! These CePoD students successfully defended dissertations in 2011.
Global Recession, Local Instability, and Migration from Kyrgyzstan
The project builds upon previous successful research in Kyrgyzstan to collect and analyze unique nationally representative survey data on consequences of global economic downturn and domestic ethno-political instability for international migration from Kyrgyzstan and the role of migration in individuals' and households' adjustments to these societal challenges.
Race-Ethnic Differences in Motivation and Ability to Prevent Unintended Pregnancy
The proposed research seeks to identify sources of race-ethnic differences in the predictors of contraceptive use. We use data from the 2009 Survey of Unmarried Adults’ Contraceptive Knowledge and Practice. The survey shows that, among unmarried young adults not currently seeking to have a child, African American and Hispanic men and women are less likely to be contracepting than non-Hispanic whites. These differences in contraceptive use may be driven by race-ethnic differences in knowledge and attitudes about contraception and/or by differences in motivation to prevent pregnancy. We plan to carry out parallel analyses of four distinct but related outcomes: beliefs about the effectiveness of contraception, beliefs about the side effects of contraceptives, motivation to prevent pregnancy, and predicted reaction to an unplanned pregnancy.
Reproductive health services, agency and empowerment among immigrants indigenous women in the U.S.‐Mexico border
The study will explore how this new governmental and non-governmental reproductive health care programs in Tijuana, Mexico, are changing the attitudes and behavior of women about her bodies and reproductive health. In particular, the study seeks to understand shifts in self‐care and self‐perception, mechanisms used by women to navigate this complex healthcare environment, and how their decisions about utilization of particular health service providers relate to livelihoods and survival strategies at the household level.
Steven Haas and colleagues authored an Op-ed in The New York Times discussing their recent research on obesity, educational attainment, and economic productivity. Steven Haas was also interviewed on MSNBC's Jansing and Company news program.
The supplement builds on a parent project examining the relationship between fertility change and the scaling-up of HIV testing and treatment in sub-Saharan Africa. Initial analysis of data from a clinic survey and ethnography in rural Mozambique revealed complex dynamics of use of health facilities for sexual and reproductive care. Clinic staff report that women attend different clinics for different types of care (family planning counseling, prenatal care and delivery, child vaccinations, HIV testing and treatment), with women's choice of clinic depending on both clinic characteristics and their perceived serostatus. Distance and travel time are major barriers to health care access, but impact different types of care differentially. Notably, exploratory spatial data analysis shows different distributions of HIV testing experience and use of clinics for childbirth. These unforeseen results suggest that the integration of HIV treatment and testing into maternal and child health clinics may have varying effects on contraceptive use among women in the study area. Geographic distance between clients and clinics and social distance between clients and providers may moderate the effects of integration on contraceptive use. This revision therefore proposes to expand beyond the parent project by linking information from a survey of married women to the facilities where they receive care and carrying out spatial analyses of the use of health services. The proposed research will combine existing geographic and sociodemographic data from the parent project to (1) describe the geographic distribution of contraceptive use and compare it to the distribution of other health service utilization; and (2) analyze the determinants of contraceptive use, taking into account the mediating effect of characteristics of health care facilities and introduction of HIV services. Spatial data and the spatial aspects of social relationships will be incorporated at all stages of the proposed research.
The American Sociological Association's Section on the Sociology of Population
awarded the 2010 Otis Dudley Duncan Award for Outstanding Scholarship
in Social Demography to Michael White and Jennifer Glick for their book, Achieving
Anew: How New Immigrants Do in American Schools, Jobs, and Neighborhoods.
Boaventura Cau, a CePoD graduate student, was selected to be a fellow for the 2010-2011 year at the Population Reference Bureau Population Policy Fellows Program, which includes spending 2 weeks at a workshop at the PRB in Washington D.C. this summer, a pre-PAA workshop, some funds for his research, and preparing written and oral presentations for policy audiences based on his dissertation or other research.
R21HD060927, Dynamics of Health and Adolescent Social Networks, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
The overarching goal of this project is to develop and test a dynamic model of the co-evolution of peer networks, health behavior, and psychological well-being, which can be used to better target health interventions. Researchers have long investigated the link between social networks and various aspects of health including depression and health behaviors. However, most of this work has viewed networks as fixed and exogenous. In this project we examine the ways in which health factors may actively influence network creation and evolution over time using recent advances in statistical modeling of dynamic network data.
We use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (AddHealth) and an actor-based model to investigate the relative contributions of social influence and peer selection processes in understanding the interrelationships between peer networks, psychological well-being and health behavior. The findings from this project will serve as a major contribution to the emerging research on social network dynamics as well as to long standing literature on peer effects on health.
Specifically, this project makes three innovative contributions: (1) We explicitly model the likelihood of relationships forming based upon individual traits, including health behavior (selection), and differentiate this from changes in behavior as individuals assimilate to their friends (influence). In so doing, we investigate what types of adolescents are more at risk of selecting peers with particular health behavior or conversely are at risk of changing their behavior to conform to friends' behavior. (2) By using AddHealth, we are able to examine these questions in multiple schools that represent a wide range of contexts. (3) We utilize a series of computer simulations, whose parameters are estimated from empirical data, as a means to investigate multiple intervention strategies and evaluate their potential for reducing the prevalence of smoking, alcohol use, and depression.
Menjivar delivered the Distinguished AKD Lecture
at the ASA Meetings in San Francisco
Eileen Diaz McConnell Awarded NIH grant
R03HD058915: “Race, Ethnicity, Nativity and Housing Outcomes in Los Angeles.” National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, $145,037.
The proposed project employs data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (L.A.FANS) to examine differences by race and ethnicity in housing costs, homeownership rates, housing values and home equity for Latinos, Non-Hispanic Whites, and African Americans. The study will also examine disparities between immigrants from Mexico and Central America and the U.S. born in these four housing outcomes. Understanding more about the factors linked with the allocation of income to housing, homeownership, and the creation of household wealth have implications for whether families are able to afford health insurance, reside in safer, higher-quality housing, and survive unanticipated emergencies due to illness.
R21HD058141: Family, Migration Context, Development and Early School Outcomes
Utilizing four waves of data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), the analyses are designed to explore the socio-emotional and subsequent cognitive development among children in immigrant and nonimmigrant families. The research is unique in its multi-disciplinary approach, which combines theoretical perspectives of immigrant adaptation and child development. An assimilation framework, more frequently employed to assess generational differences in social and economic well-being among adolescents and adults, is combined with the ecological developmental framework, developed to understand the multiple contextual influences on children’s school readiness and successful transitions to formal schooling. The project also focuses on parental immigration context, including age at migration, race/ethnicity and language use and the community context in which young children are raised.
Arusyak Sevoyan, one of CePoD graduate students, was selected to be a fellow for the 2009-2010 year at the Population Reference Bureau Population Policy Fellows Program, which includes spending 2 weeks at a workshop at the PRB in Washington D.C. this summer, a pre-PAA workshop, some funds for her research, and preparing written and oral presentations for policy audiences based on her dissertation or other research.
CePoD director Victor Agadjanian has been named the inaugural Ellen Elizabeth Guillot International Distinguished Professor in recognition of his exceptional and distinguished contributions to the international mission of the School of Social and Family Dynamics at Arizona State University.
In November CePoD moved into its new space on the second floor of the Social Sciences Building. The new space includes renovated faculty and project offices, a conference room, and new computer lab for graduate students. With the new location we hope to foster closer collaborations with our colleagues in SSFD and to continue to promote population research across the university.
“Young Adults’ Strategies for Navigating Reproduction in an AIDS Epidemic” NIH/NICHD R01 HD058366-01. 2008-2013. Prinicipal Investigator: J. Trinitapoli, coIs Agadjanian, Shapiro
Despite the severity of the AIDS epidemic and the centrality of pregnancy
and fertility to life in sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about how
AIDS and its consequences alter
“Childbearing Dynamics in a Setting of High HIV Prevalence and Massive ART Rollout.” NIH/NICHD R01 HD058365. 2008-2013. PI Agadjanian, CoIs Hayford, Menjivar, Trinitapoli, Yabiku.
The massive rollout of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) programs in many sub-Saharan countries is rapidly and radically changing the epidemiological and social meanings and implications of HIV/AIDS. The proposed study will focus on the intersections of childbearing with the scaling-up of HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) and treatment and resulting changes in individuals’ knowledge and views about HIV infection and its consequences. It will combine different types of data collection and analysis to build upon the research team’s previous work (R21HD048257, Agadjanian PI) in four contiguous rural districts of southern Mozambique, an area of precipitous erosion of traditional agrarian livelihoods, massive labor mobility, profound changes in marriage and family systems, high and growing HIV prevalence, and a vigorous expansion of VCT/ART/PMTCT. The scientific aims of the study are to examine in this changing context: how rural women’s knowledge and perceptions of own HIV status affect their reproductive intentions, contraceptive choices, and fertility outcomes; how the characteristics of rural women’s social environments influence the above relationships; how institutional characteristics and mechanisms of the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) clinics affect the ability of HIV+ and HIV- rural women to implement their reproductive intentions and contraceptive preferences. A separate aim of the project is to develop and disseminate practical recommendations on the basis of the analyses.
To achieve these aims, the five-year project will use a longitudinal design that will involve two waves of population-based survey and of qualitative data collection. The two waves of survey will re-interview a representative sample of c. 1680 married rural women residing in 54 villages who were first interviewed for an earlier study in 2006. In parallel to the individual survey, in each village, a community survey will be carried out. In addition to the surveys, 72 of the survey respondents from eight of the sampled villages (nine per village), with whom semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted in 2006, will participate in two waves of in-depth interviews. To complement the individual/household and community perspectives with an institutional one, in every year of the project, statistical data on MCH/VCT/PMTCT service provision and utilization will be collected from the districts’ MCH clinics and in-depth interviews focusing on challenges and barriers involved will be carried out with the clinics’ nurses. The results of the project will contribute to a better understanding of changes effected by the evolving HIV/AIDS landscape in reproductive intentions and behaviors and to the optimization of the integration of MTC with VCT/PMTCT services and improvement of rural women’s access to these services.
“Social Dynamics in Response to Shifting Immigration Policy and Practice: Latino Social Networks, Resource Flow, and Household Reorganization” NSFHSD Jennifer Glick (PI), Alexandra Brewis Gerardo Chowell-Puente, Seline Szkupinski Quiroga, Amber Wutich
Immigration is a major area of concern shaping contemporary policy, practice and debate in the United States. As a large scale agent of change, shifts in policy and perceptions concerning immigrants ripple through social networks, affecting household arrangements and resources that impact not only individuals, but families and whole communities. These impacts are felt by immigrants, naturalized citizens and natives who share the same communities, households and families. With backgrounds in sociology, anthropology, human biology, geography and demography, the project team will study households in south Phoenix, Arizona. The research will focus on if and how the households have reorganized in response to changing immigration policy and practice. The study will examine the social networks that link household members to each other and larger networks, and model the implications of this for the resource flows to household members and ultimately for household resiliency and the well-being of family members. Agent-based models will then be applied to examine the potential impact of future large-scale shifts in immigration perceptions and policies. Research findings, such as determining which factors enhance household stability and how social networks can be leveraged to move limited resources where they are most needed, will be shared with local stakeholders to support their goals of building healthy communities.
CePoD student Boaventura Cau won an award for his poster (JPG file): "Labor Migration, Spousal Communication and HIV/STD Risk Perceptions and Prevention."
Other CePoD members presenting at the Population Association of America 2008 Annual Meetings in New Orleans include faculty affiliates Victor Agadjanian, Mary Benin, Jennifer Glick, Steven Haas, Sarah Hayford, Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld, Eileen Diaz McConnell, and Scott Yabiku, and students Winfred Avogo, Littisha Bates, PremChand Dommaraju, Leah Rolfsen, Arusyak Sevoyan, and Li Zhu. See complete list of PAA presentations by CePoD members (Word file).
Prremchand Dommaraju is the recipient of a competitive one year renewable Post-Doctoral Fellowship at the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore (www.ari.nus.edu.sg). These positions are intended for outstanding active researchers from both the Asian region and the world, to bring to completion an important program of research in the social sciences and humanities. Prem’s proposed work for the fellowship will explore various dimensions of marriage change in India, their causes and consequences (mainly childbearing).
Scott Yabiku is the PI on a recent 2 year R03 grant from NICHD, entitled “School Characteristics and Marriage Timing in a Setting of Rapid Social Change.” The proposed research will study education and marital change in Nepal. The abstract is below.
One of the most notable marriage trends in rapidly changing societies is the trend toward marriages that are delayed relative to historical norms. Education is frequently invoked as a primary cause behind these trends. In addition, some studies have examined the context of educational opportunity by measuring the presence of schools in a community and how far away these schools are from focal individuals. While these studies offer useful insight into the role of educational institutions in a community, they have tended to overlook important variation in the schools' institutional characteristics. These limitations in prior studies prevent the testing of theoretical issues of how schools are related to individuals' family formation. This is an important omission because different characteristics of schools are likely to be associated with different mechanisms and consequences for individuals' marriage timing. This proposed project has three specific research goals. 1) To examine the relationship between multiple dimensions of school characteristics and marriage timing. Although prior research has documented how the mere presence of schools in a community is associated with a variety of individual behaviors, few studies have tested how distinct features of schools are related to individuals' family formation. 2) To test specific mechanisms linking school characteristics to marriage timing. As individuals participate in the schooling system, other activities in their life courses in addition to marriage are also likely to change. Distinct school characteristics implicate individual mechanisms involving processes including role incompatibility, human capital attainment, non-family work experiences, non-family living, and media consumption. 3) To examine gender differences in the relationships between school characteristics and marriage timing. Prior work has shown that the educational experience can have different consequences for men and women's marriage timing, with some experiences accelerating marriage for one sex but delaying marriage for the other. There is good reason to expect that school characteristics may also be differentially related to the timing of men and women's marriages. The setting for this proposed project is the Chitwan Valley in Nepal. The project is able to take advantage of detailed documentation of a setting in which the spread of mass education has taken place within the lifetimes of current residents. Within a setting of rapid social change, this project examines how schools, as institutions, affect the transition to marriage. This transition is an important point in the life course and it sequences other events, including childbearing, employment, and intergenerational relationships.
CePoD student wins PAA Travel Award
CePoD welcomes two new faculty members
T. Denny Sanford School of Social
and Family Dynamics