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Adjusting to Adversity: Marriage, Childbearing, and Migration in Kyrgyzstan

Adjusting to Adversity: Marriage, Childbearing, and Migration in Kyrgyzstan

1R03HD044020, 2004-2005, funded by the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

The main goal of the project was to examine and triangulate marital, reproductive, and migration preferences and decisions in northern Kyrgyzstan. To achieve this goal a survey or 1535 young people was conducted in May-July 2005 in three parts of northern Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek (the capital city), the Issyk-Kul oblast and the Chui oblast. The project was co-directed by Victor Agadjanian (Arizona State University, PI), Gennady Kumskov (Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Kyrgyzstan, co-Investigator), and Lesia Nedoluzhko (UNFPA, Kyrgyzstan, co-Investigator). The data collection and processing was carried with the technical assistance of the National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. The project is funded by a grant from the National Council for East European and Eurasian Research (NCEEER), USA.

The survey sample was drawn separately in five domains—Bishkek, rural Issyk-Kul, urban Issyk-Kul, rural Chui, and urban Chui—among men and women aged 18-29. All five domains were subdivided into clusters; the probability of each cluster’s selection was proportional to that cluster’s size. In addition, in rural domains the probability of selection was inversely proportional to relative size of the ethnic Kyrgyz population. This was done to increase the relative size of non-Kyrgyz in the sample to allow for more sound inter-ethnic comparisons. In each cluster, households were selected randomly. In each selected household one usual resident of eligible age—a man or a woman—was randomly selected and interviewed.

The survey instrument included the following modules: Household characteristics: 1. Respondent’s sociodemographic characteristics; 2. Marriage/partnership and spouse/partner’s characteristics; 3. Health and reproductive behavior; 4. Migration experience, intentions, and preferences; 5. Social networks; 6. Participation in community life; 7. Political participation and attitudes; and 8. Family and gender attitudes. The survey data are currently being analyzed.

If you are interested in more information about this project or would like to gain access to the data, please contact the project PI, Dr. Victor Agadjanian.

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