SSM 1201–04: Student-Athlete Medical Care
To provide the best medical care within available resources for members of the intercollegiate athletic teams
Federal and state laws regarding medical practice, prescription of pharmaceuticals, and patient rights
National Collegiate Athletic Association
Campus Health Service
Campus Health Service (CHS) provides services to all students on any athletic team sanctioned by Intercollegiate Athletics (ICA) as an intercollegiate sport and to post-eligibility student-athletes who require continued treatment for an injury or illness documented at the time of their exit physical. This policy covers ICA sports only.
Each semester, ICA must provide the team physicians and CHS with a revised list of those student-athletes who are authorized to receive ICA medical benefits.
Any non-ASU student-athlete participating in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition who sustains an injury or illness while visiting ASU for competition may receive treatment but is responsible for the entire cost of his or her medical care.
Upon completion of a student-athlete’s eligibility or cessation of participation as a student-athlete, ICA will not pay for any medical services for any injury or illness incurred as a result of participating in intercollegiate sports, unless:
Student-athletes are required to see the team physician for an exit physical immediately after the completion of their academic eligibility or the cessation of their participation as student-athletes. During the exit physical the team physician will document any and all injuries sustained due to participation as a student-athlete. The team physician will outline a treatment plan for any injuries that require further treatment. ICA will only be financially responsible for the treatment of such injuries. Upon cessation of their participation as student-athletes at ASU, the student-athletes will be responsible for any and all healthcare for medical problems and injuries that did not occur due to their participation as student-athletes and that were not documented at the time of their exit physical examinations.
Practice players are eligible to receive treatment from the team physicians and athletic staff for injuries related to their participation as practice players. They are required to have a physical by the team physicians or their designee prior to their participation. They are required to carry and show proof of health insurance that provides coverage for injuries and medical care. ASU will act as the secondary insurance for all injuries sustained by students resulting from their participation as practice players.
The CHS provides the services of team physicians funded by ICA to coordinate and manage medical services to student-athletes.
Authorization for all medical services provided to student-athletes must be coordinated through the CHS if any part of the services are in any way paid for or provided on behalf of ASU.
All medical services provided to student-athletes must be coordinated with the team physician if any part of the services are paid for or provided on behalf of ASU. Consultant referrals will be made primarily to Sports Medicine Advisory Team (SMAT) members, unless the required specialty is not covered. Notification of authorization from the head athletic trainer must precede each referral.
Close communication between the team physicians and all consultants is mandatory. Each party must be kept updated of current conditions in case the head coach requests information from either the team physician or consultant.
Second opinion referrals will be made only after consultation with the head team physician. All documentation from the primary referral will accompany the patient to the provider for a second opinion.
No coach or other ICA employee may refer a student-athlete to a health professional; only the team physician or certified athletic trainer in consultation with the team physician may do so.
Athletic Trainer Referral to Team Physician
ICA or CHS staff may nominate licensed certified healthcare professionals for SMAT to the director of CHS for team membership selection. Members will be selected and retained on the basis of appropriate licensure, evidence of malpractice coverage, previously demonstrated performance, compliance with NCAA rules, patient need, compliance with SMAT policy guidelines, and experience and training in sports medicine. The director of the CHS will submit a list of selected nominees to ICA for comment before final nominee notification of their selection to SMAT.
Policy Statement for SMAT
Professional services provided for all student-athletes may include, but are not limited to, medical evaluation and treatment, psychological and psychiatric services and referral, laboratory tests, diagnostic radiology procedures, supplies and materials normally furnished by the CHS in the provision of medical care to the general student body, physical therapy referral, consultative services, outpatient surgery, coordination of inpatient care, and rehabilitation services. Professional services must be funded without negatively impacting medical services to the general student population.
No team physician, designee, consultant, or allied health care professional may overrule another professional without first having consulted directly with that professional. However, in any medical situation in which a difference of opinion results among the team physicians, certified specialty consultants, allied health care professionals (i.e., athletic trainer or physical therapist), or other designees of the team physician, the opinion of the head team physician will prevail unless directed otherwise by the director of the CHS in consultation with the chief of the medical staff. If further resolution is required, refer to the appeals process.
Except as provided to the contrary in this policy, ICA will not pay for any outside referrals for testing or consultation unless the head athletic trainer and the head team physician are given prior notice of the request for referral and approve payment for the referral.
The CHS provides the services of team physicians funded by ICA to coordinate and manage medical services to student-athletes.
The scope of medical coverage provided specifically by the team physician includes:
Diagnostic Studies, Treatment, and Medications
All diagnostic or monitoring studies not done by the CHS must be authorized for payment by the head athletic trainer or head team physician. This authorization is not necessary in emergency situations; however, the head athletic trainer or his designee must be notified the next business day by the team physician.
Diagnostic studies not available at the CHS may be ordered by referral consultants after consultation with the team physician.
The team physician or designee dispenses all prescriptions at the CHS or ICA. All medications at ICA must be obtained through the CHS Pharmacy or other licensed pharmacy agreed upon by the director of CHS, the head team physician, and the head athletic trainer. If the CHS Pharmacy is not open, prescriptions may be obtained at a designated licensed pharmacy.
All students who are trying out for a sanctioned ICA team must sign a medical release form and receive a physical exam by a licensed physician in the state of Arizona. All student-athletes who are members of a sanctioned ICA team must be medically authorized to participate and have passed an athletic physical examination. Student-athletes must complete and sign health history, insurance information, medical release, drug policy statement, sports medicine liability forms, and other documents as identified by ICA and the CHS.
The complete athletic preparticipation medical evaluation consists of, but is not limited to:
Team physicians may delegate evaluations of athletically related injury or illness to allied health care professionals through established protocols, written in consultation with these professionals. These protocols will be easily accessible, easily understood, and rely on professional judgments of those using them. They will be updated at least yearly.
An athlete may not participate in practice or competition until given clearance by team physicians, designees, or allied health care professionals using predetermined protocols approved by the director of the CHS.
The CHS and ICA are responsible for enforcing written policies and procedures authorizing ICA payment for medical services. ICA will provide copies of the written payment policies and procedures to the team physician and the CHS at least yearly, or when changes are made in policy.
The head team physician and the head athletic trainer are responsible for approval of payment for medical services and related expenses. If payment is denied, the decision and basis for nonpayment must be given in writing. Authorization for payment will be completed in a timely manner. The purpose of prepayment approval is to ensure compliance with applicable NCAA and Pac-12 Conference rules and is not intended to override medical judgment as to the necessity of referral testing or consultation.
The cost of services (e.g., x-rays, laboratory studies, appointments) to be paid by ICA to the CHS will be equal to the cost of the services provided for nonathletes. The head athletic trainer must be able to review service charges prior to payment.
Student-athletes may appeal payment decisions following the appeals process.
The medical record is the property of the CHS and the information contained in the medical record is the property of the student-athlete.
The CHS is responsible for the maintenance and management of the medical records, and ICA may provide personnel to assist with this responsibility. All records are held for 10 years after competition. Microfilm is an acceptable storage medium.
The CHS and ICA will agree to protect the patient’s right to privacy and confidentiality by adhering to the terms of this policy (see SSM 1201–04A).
The team physician, head athletic trainer, or head coach may not release general medical information regarding injury or illness of a student-athlete through ICA’s media relations office unless a Medical Release to the Media form (see SSM 1201–04B) covering the information to be released has been signed by the student-athlete.
The head athletic trainer will treat information used for payment of insurance documentation or verification and proper compliance with ICA policy and NCAA bylaws as privileged and confidential and must not release this information to anyone without written permission from the student-athlete.
The team physicians, designees, and allied health care professionals are responsible for knowing and complying with all applicable NCAA rules and regulations.
ICA will provide an NCAA regulations manual to team physicians on a yearly basis.
ICA’s compliance coordinator in consultation with the faculty athletic representative are available to advise team physicians, designees, or allied health care professionals on interpretations and compliance with these rules and regulations. The team physicians, designees, or allied health care professionals are responsible for actively seeking an official interpretation of NCAA rules from the ICA compliance coordinator in consultation with the faculty athletic representative when uncertain of a rule. This uncertainty would include whether to prescribe medication for an athlete in the off season or a major procedure for a questionably athletics-related illness or injury.
The director of the CHS is ultimately responsible for the quality of medical services provided to student-athletes and for supervising the services of team physicians and designees to student-athletes.
The team physicians and designees report to the director of the CHS and the chief of the Medical Staff. Team physicians must maintain a close reporting and working relationship with the director of ICA or designated administrative staff.
The director of the CHS ensures that a yearly performance evaluation of team physicians is completed and shares this confidential evaluation with the director of ICA. The director of ICA may add additional comments to this evaluation before it is entered into a team physician’s CHS personnel file.
A team physician must inform ICA and CHS directors or designees of any absence due to illness as well as any vacation requests.
Quality assurance audits are performed periodically on the quality of medical services performed by the team physicians, consultants, and allied health care professionals. These audits may include direct services, medication usage, medical records, and cost benefit studies. All audits involving ICA medical services are shared with the director of ICA or their designee.
Preference of Service
A student-athlete always has the right to change physicians, to refuse to see a particular physician, and to refuse treatment. The team physician and the certified athletic trainer must be informed of this decision. ICA is under no obligation, however, to pay for services rendered by non-CHS approved clinicians unless the service would ordinarily be covered by ICA and the severity of the injury or illness required immediate treatment by a non-CHS clinician. However, if the athlete is treated by a non-CHS clinician in these circumstances, the team physician or head athletic trainer must be notified before the athlete participates in the next practice or competition.
An athlete, physician, consultant, or health professional may appeal any of the following to the executive committee of the Sports Medicine Section of ICA for any of the following after all other appeals have been exhausted:
The executive committee of the Sports Medicine Section of ICA is composed of the following:
This committee may call in others to advise them or add information in order to reach a decision. Decisions may be appealed to the director of the CHS and the director of ICA whose joint decision shall be binding.
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SSM 1201–04A, Student Athlete Information Release
SSM 1201–04B, Medical Release to the Media